The banking and payments industry continues to be a hotbed of innovation owing to ever changing consumer expectations. The rapid technological developments in the areas of banking and payments that aim to offer seamless experience to consumers are now becoming even more vital for industry participants as competitors leverage new technologies such as artificial intelligence, Internet of Things, cybersecurity, and embedded finance as they compete to stay relevant and grow in the market. In the last three years alone, there have been over 92,000 patents filed and granted in the banking industry, according to GlobalData’s report on Innovation in Banking: automated clearing houses.
However, not all innovations are equal and nor do they follow a constant upward trend. Instead, their evolution takes the form of an S-shaped curve that reflects their typical lifecycle from early emergence to accelerating adoption, before finally stabilising and reaching maturity.
Identifying where a particular innovation is on this journey, especially those that are in the emerging and accelerating stages, is essential for understanding their current level of adoption and the likely future trajectory and impact they will have.
60+ innovations will shape the banking industry
According to GlobalData’s Technology Foresights, which plots the S-curve for the banking industry using innovation intensity models built on over 195,000 patents, there are 60+ innovation areas that will shape the future of the industry.
Within the emerging innovation stage, transaction-enabling smart contracts is a disruptive technology that is in the early stage of application and should be tracked closely. Distributed ledger network, BNPL payment protocols, and virtual banking assistant are some of the accelerating innovation areas, where adoption has been steadily increasing. Among maturing innovation areas are IM trading platforms and in-app payments, which are now well established in the industry.
Innovation S-curve for the banking industry
Automated clearing houses is a key innovation area in banking
The Automated Clearing House (ACH) is an electronic mechanism that allows users to make fund transfers electronically. Using the ACH network, the funds are directly transferred online from one bank account to another.
GlobalData’s analysis also uncovers the companies at the forefront of each innovation area and assesses the potential reach and impact of their patenting activity across different applications and geographies. According to GlobalData, there are 30+ companies, spanning technology vendors, established banking companies, and up-and-coming start-ups engaged in the development and application of automated clearing houses.
Key players in automated clearing houses – a disruptive innovation in the banking industry
‘Application diversity’ measures the number of different applications identified for each relevant patent and broadly splits companies into either ‘niche’ or ‘diversified’ innovators.
‘Geographic reach’ refers to the number of different countries each relevant patent is registered in and reflects the breadth of geographic application intended, ranging from ‘global’ to ‘local’.
Patent volumes related to automated clearing houses
Source: GlobalData Patent Analytics
Mastercard is one of the leading companies in the area of automated clearing system. ACH transfers are of two types, namely ACH credit and ACH debit, which allow both individuals and businesses to make low-cost fund transfers. Payments for utility bills, subscriptions, loans, and insurance premium are mainly made via ACH transfer. Some other key players in this space include Alibaba Group, Bank of America, Visa, Capital One Financial, and Early Warning Services.
In terms of application diversity, Cfph leads the pack. The Toronto-Dominion Bank and Tencent Holdings stood in the second and third positions, respectively. By means of geographic reach, Cfph holds the top position, followed by Xero and Alphabet.
To further understand the key themes and technologies disrupting the banking industry, access GlobalData’s latest thematic research report on Banking.